Power distribution utilities rely on tariffs to generate revenue and cover expenses and network expansion costs. This business model seems reasonable at first glance. However, despite this, discoms are often plagued with losses. The question is, where does the system fail? Is it due to the discoms prioritizing consumer interests or the authorities' intentions to create a politically acceptable system?
Achieving unbiased clarity in the realm of power distribution tariffs is undoubtedly challenging, but it is apparent that the context and intentions of authorities play a role in impeding the financial sustainability of discoms in the power distribution market. This unfortunate reality continues to afflict discoms, and tariff rationalization may present a solution to this predicament. However, to comprehend the necessity of this, we must first acknowledge the absence of a mandate for state discoms in India to annually adjust the cost of power supply. Furthermore, net metering payouts are based on the average cost of electricity supply or the cost of supply for only 8-9 states out of the total 29. So, why are discoms not adjusting their tariffs accordingly? The cost of generating electricity has increased, particularly for thermal power due to fuel cost appreciation and technology improvements to reduce emissions in the country.
In this regard there is a need for a dossier
which attempts to make a few analytical
observations that are relevant for the
states, their regulators and other stake
holders listing various components which
goes into tariff computation of different
consumers as per their respective